Computational Thinking

Our goal

To improve students’ ability to conceptualise, understand and use computer-based technology, so that they are better prepared for today’s society.


Fostering Computational Thinking in K-12


What is CT?

And why do we need to teach it?


Computational Thinking (CT) can be defined as “the thought processes involved in formulating a problem and expressing its solution(s) in such a way that a computer - human or machine - can effectively carry out” [Wing, 2014]. This definition includes the main characteristics of CT: 1) the solution can be computed by a human or machine, 2) CT can be learned without a machine, and 3) CT does not concern only problem solving, but also problem formulation. CT has been recognised as “one of the fundamental skills desired of all graduates” [ACM, 2013]. To this end, focusing on high school is a good start but may not be the ultimate goal. Instead, motivational concerns need to be addressed in a early age of a child.


A framework to foster CT in middle school



A framework to assess CT